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sábado, 14 de março de 2015

Here’s Every Single Animal That Became Extinct In The Last 100 Years (PHOTOS)

The number of extinct animals is difficult to calculate and always higher than the estimate. In some cases, a species is presumed extinct — none have been seen in years — but it’s yet to receive official extinction status by the IUCN. But the important thing to remember is that extinction is not a historical problem — it’s a contemporary issue.

Below, take a look at every animal (except insects, which are extremely difficult to catalogue but which you can find here) that went extinct in just the last 100 years. The list is based on research provided by the Sixth Extinction, a website created to “enhance free public access to information about recently extinct species,” and in order of their approximate date of extinction. We’ve included all the animals confirmed extinct by the IUCN, and added a few more declared extinct by other credible individuals and organizations.
We hope this list helps you reflect on the color, diversity and magnificence of life in our world, and especially our oceans. As well as how much more colorful and diverse it might be if we took better care of natural habitats.
*Where we could not picture the exact animal, we’ve put the species name in gray text and provided an image of a closely related species.

2013 – Formosan Clouded Leopard, Neofelis nebulosa brachyura

2012 — Pinta Island Tortoise, Chelonoidis abingdoni

(Source: Flickr/Putneymark)
(Source: Flickr/Putneymark)

2011 — Vietnamese Rhino, Rhinoceros sondaicus annamiticus

This is the Javan rhino, rhinoceros sondaicus sondaicus, a very similar subspecies to the extinct Vietnamese rhino.

2009 — Christmas Island Pipistrelle, Pipistrellus murrayi

(Source: Hfc-hersfield.de)
(Source: Hfc-hersfield.de)

2007 — Chinese Paddlefish, Psephurus gladius

2007 — Yangtze River Dolphin, Lipotes vexillifer

2004 — Po’o-uli, Melamprosops phaeosoma

2002 — Vine Raiatea Tree Snail, Partula labrusca

(Source: Islandbiodiversity)

2000 — Pyrenean Ibex, Capra pyrenaica pyrenaica

1998 – Nukupuu, Hemignathus lucidus

1997 — Western Black Rhinoceros, Diceros bicornis longipes

1997 — Aldabra Banded Snail, Rhachistia aldabrae

aldabrabandedsnailweb

1996 — Zanzibar Leopard, Panthera pardus adersi

1996 — Swollen Raiatea Tree Snail, Partula turgida

1989 — Golden Toad, Incilius periglenes

1987 — Dusky Seaside Sparrow, Ammodramus maritimus nigrescens

(Source: Bagheera)
(Source: Bagheera)

1986 — Atitlan Grebe, Podilymbus gigas

1985 — Alaotra Grebe

(Source: Paul Thompson/Birdlife International)
(Source: Paul Thompson/Birdlife International)

1985 — Eungella Gastric-Brooding Frog, Rheobatrachus vitellinus and Rheobatrachus silus

Rheobatrachus silus (extinct 1983), pictured above, is a close relative of the Eungella Gastric-brooding Frog.

1985 – Kaua’i ‘O’o, Moho braccatus

1985 — Christmas Island Shrew, Crocidura trichura

(Source: Supergreenme)
(Source: Supergreenme)

1984 – Amistad Gambusia, Gambusia amistadensis 

The Cuban gambusiaGambusia punctata, pictured above, is a close relative of the Amistad Gambusia.

1983 — San Marcos Gambusia, Gambusia georgei

(Source: TPWD)
(Source: TPWD)

1983 — Kama’o, Myadestes myadestinus

1983 — Guam Flycatcher, Myiagra freycinet

(Source: Anne F. Maben)
(Source: Anne F. Maben)

1983 — Aldabra Warbler, Nesillas aldabrana

(Source: Robert Prys-Jones)
(Source: Robert Prys-Jones)

1982 — Galapagos Damselfish, Azurina eupalama

1981 — Marianas Mallard, Anas oustaleti

1979 — Southern Day Frog, Taudactylus diurnus

Pictured above is the Eungella Torrent Frog, Taudactylus eungellensis – a close relative of the Southern Day Frog.

1978 — White-eyed River Martin, Eurychelidon serintarea

1977 — Colombian Grebe, Podiceps andinus

(Source: Worldbirds/Humboldt)
(Source: Worldbirds/Humboldt)

1977 — Eiao Monarch, Pomarea fluxa

The Maupiti monarch, Pomarea pomarea, pictured above, is a close relative to the Eiao Monarch and the also extinct Nukuhiva Monarch, Pomarea nukuhivae (1940).

1976 — Javan Tiger, Panthera tigris sondaica

1976 — Madagascan Dwarf Hippopotamus, Hippopotamus lemerlei

In addition to this hippo, the following related species also went extinct:  the Lesser Madagascan Hippopotamus, Hippopotamus laloumena; the Madagascan Pygmy Hippopotamus, Hippopotamus madagascariensis; the Madagascan Pygmy Hippopotamus; and the Hippopotamus madagascariensis

1975 — Longjaw Cisco, Coregonus alpenae

(Source: Esasuccess)
(Source: Esasuccess)

1975 — Round Island Burrowing Boa, Bolyeria multocarinata

The Round Island ground boa, Casarea dussumieri, pictured above, is in the same family as the Round Island Burrowing Boa.

1975 — Phantom Shiner, Notropis orca

notropisshiner
(Credit: Garold Sneegas)
In 1961, the Phantom Shiner’s relative the Durango Shiner, Notropis aulidion also went extinct.

1974 — Guam Flying Fox, Pteropus tokudae

(Source: Andrew Isles)
(Source: Andrew Isles)

1973 — Fijan Bar-Winged Rail, Nesoclopeus poecilopterus

1972 — Lake Pedder Earthworm, Hypolimnus pedderensis

(Source: Petermaas)
(Source: Petermaas)

1972 — Bush Wren, Xenicus longipes

1971 — Santa Cruz Pupfish, Cyprinodon arcuatus

The Death Valley Pupfish, Cyprinodon salinus salinus, is a close relative of the Santa Cruz Pupfish.

1970 —  Madeiran Large White, Pieris brassicae wollastoni

1970 — Caspian Tiger, Panthera tigris virgata

1970 — Tecopa Pupfish, Cyprinodon nevadensis calidae

1970 — Clear Lake Splittail, Pogonichthys ciscoides

(Source: "Splittail")
(Source: “Splittail“)
The Sacremento splittail, Pogonichthys macrolepidotus, pictured above, is a close relative of the Clear Lake Splittail.

1970 — Blue Pike, Sander vitreus glaucus

(Source: Wikipedia)

1969 — Blackfin Cisco, Coregonus nigripinnis

(Source: Om)
(Source: Om)

1969 — Ameca Shiner, Notropis amacae 

The Notropis leuciodus, pictured above, is a close relative of the Ameca Shiner.

1969 — Greater Akialoa, Hemignathus ellisianus

(Source: Fineartamerica)
(Source: Fineartamerica)

1969 — Tubercled-blossom Pearly Mussel, Epioblasma torulosa torulosa

(Source: Inhs.illinois)
(Source: Inhs.illinois)

1967 — Great Short-tailed Bat, Mystacina robusta

bat
(Source: Don Merton)

1966 — Independence Valley Tui Chub, Gila bicolor isolata 

(Source: "Gila elegans")
Bonytail chub, Gila elegans, is a close relative to the Independence Valley Tui Chub.

1965 — Santo Stefano Lizard, Podarcis sicula sanctistephani 

The Santo Stefano Lizard is a subspecies of the Italian Wall Lizard, Podarcis sicula, pictured above.

1964 — Mexican Grizzly Bear, Ursus arctos nelsoni

1964 — Lake Ontario, Coregonus kiyi orientalis

1964 — Rio Grande Bluntnose Shiner, Notropis simus simus

(Source: Fishesoftexas/ Joseph R. Tomelleri)
(Source: Fishesoftexas/ Joseph R. Tomelleri)
The Bluntnose Shiner, Notropis simus, is an endangered species of which the Rio Grande Bluntnose Shiner is a subspecies.

1964 — South Island Snipe, Coenocorypha iredalei

(Source: Nzbirdsonline/Don Merton)
(Source: Nzbirdsonline/Don Merton)

1963 — Kakawahle, Paroreomyza flammea

1962 — Red-bellied Gracile Mouse Opossum, Cryptonanus ignitus

oppossum
The Virginia Opossum, Didelphis virginiana, pictured above is a relative of the Red-bellied Gracile Mouse Opossum.

1962 – Bachmann’s Warbler,

1961 — Semper’s Warbler, Leucopeza semperi

1960 — Central Hare-wallaby, Lagorchestes asomatus

(Source: Animalbing)
(Source: Animalbing)

1960 — Raycraft Ranch Poolfish, Empetrichthys latos concavus

The Empetrichthys latos, pictured above, includes the extinct subspecies the Raycraft Ranch Poolfish, the Pahrump Ranch Poolfish, Empetrichthys latos pahrump (extinct 1958) and the Ash Meadows Poolfish, Empetrichthys merriami (1955).

1960 — Brasilia Burrowing Mouse, Juscelinomys candango

(Source: Planet-mammiferes/João Moojen)
(Source: Planet-mammiferes/João Moojen)

1957 — Thicktail Chub, Gila crassicauda

1956 — Crescent Nailtail Wallaby, Onychogalea lunata

1956 — Blue-grey mouse, Pseudomys glaucus

Gould’s Mouse, Pseudomys gouldii, pictured above, is a close relative of the Blue-grey mouse.

1954 — Maravillas Red Shiner, Cyprinella lutrensis blairi

sneegas1
(Credit: Garold Sneegas)
The Red Shiner, Cyprinella lutrensis, pictured above, is a close relative of the Maravillas Red Shiner.

1952 — Deepwater Cisco, Coregonus johannae

deepwatercisco1
(Credit: Fishbase/John Lyons)

1952 — Caribbean Monk Seal, Monachus tropicalis

1951 — Glaucous Macaw, Anodorhynchus glaucus

1951 — Queen of Sheba’s Gazelle

(Source: Animalbing)
(Source: Animalbing)
According to Animal Bing, on the above photo: ”In 1985, a photograph of gazelles was taken in a private collection, Al Wabra Wildlife Farm, in Qatar. Zoologist Colin Groves claims these could possibly be surviving Queen of Sheba’s Gazelles. It is not confirmed that these animals truly belong to this species.”

1951 — Japanese Sea Lion, Zalophus japonicus

1950 – Pig-footed Bandicoot, Chaeropus ecaudatus

1950 — Little Swan Island Hutia, Geocapromys thoracatus

1950 — Lesser Bilby, Macrotis leucura

1950 — San Martin Island Woodrat, Neotoma martinensis

1949 — Pink-headed Duck, Rhodonessa caryophyllacea

1945 — Stresemann’s Bristlethroat, Merulaxis stresemanni

(Source: Birdlife)
(Source: Birdlife)

1944 — Laysan Crake, Porzana palmeri

1942 — Wake Rail, Gallirallus wakensis

1942 — Barbary Lion, Panthera leo leo

1941 — Arabian Ostrich, Struthio camelus syriacus

1940 — Las Vegas Dace, Rhinichthys deaconi

(Source: Miller)
(Source: Miller)
The Las Vegas Dace is a close relative of the Grass Valley Speckled Dace, Rhinichthys osculus reliquus, also extinct (1938).

1940 — Lake Titicaca Orestias, Orestias cuvieri

1940 — Houting, Coregonus oxyrinchus

1940 — Arc-form Pearly Mussel, Epioblasma arcaeformis

1940 — Roque Chico de Salmor Giant Lizard, Gallotia simonyi simonyi

1940 — Javanese Lapwing, Vanellus macropterus

1940 — Darwin’s Galápagos Rice Rat, Nesoryzomys darwini

(Source: Wild-facts)
(Source: Wild-facts)

1939 — Toolache Wallaby, Macropus greyi

1938 — Pahranagat Spinedace, Lepidomeda altivelis 

The Notropis stramineus, pictured above, is a relative of the Pahranagat Spinedace.

1938 — Schomburgk’s Deer, Rucervus schomburgki

1938 — Grand Cayman Thrush, Turdus ravidus

(Source: Avibirds)
(Source: Avibirds)

1937 — Bali Tiger, Panthera tigris balica

(Source: Animalesextincion)

1936 — Tasmanian Tiger, Thylacinus cynocephalus

1936 — Ryukyu Wood-pigeon, Columba jouyi

1936 — Ratas Island Lizard, Podarcis lilfordi rodriquezi

(Credit: Michael Franzen)
(Credit: Michael Franzen)

1935 — Desert Rat-kangaroo, Caloprymnus campestris

1935 — Horn Snail, Cerithidae fuscata

Cerithidea cingulata (left) and Cerithideopsilla djadjariensis (right), are close relatives of the Horn Snail.

1934 — Hawaii O’o, Moho nobilis

1934 — Indefatigable Galápagos Rice Rat, Nesoryzomys indefessus

indefatigablegalapgosrat
(Source: Dinosaurs.about)

1933 — Lesser Stick-nest Rat, Leporillus apicalis

1931 — Bunker’s Woodrat, Neotoma bunkeri

The Bushy Tailed Woodrat, Neotoma Cinerea, pictured above, is a close relative of Bunker’s Woodrat and Anthony’s Woodrat (Neotoma anthonyi), also extinct (1926).

1931 — Pemberton’s Deer Mouse, Peromyscus pembertoni 

The Deer Mouse, Peromyscus maniculatus, pictured above, is a close relative of Pemberton’s Deer Mouse.

1930 — Alvord Cutthroat Trout, Oncorhynchus clarki alvordensis

The Trout Cutthroat Fish, oncorhynchus clarkii clarkii, pictured above, is a relative of the Alvord Cutthroat Trout.

1930 — Silver Trout, Salvelinus agassizi

(Source: Angelfire)
(Source: Angelfire)

1929 — Atlantic Eelgrass Limpet, Lottia alveus

1928 — Utah Lake Sculpin, Cottus echinatus

The Slimy Sculpin, Cottus cognatus, pictured above, is a close relative of the Utah Lake Sculpin.

1928 — Syrian Wild Ass, Equus hemionus hemippus

(Source: Conrad Keller)
(Source: Conrad Keller)
1928 — Robust White-Eye, Zosterops strenuus

1927 — Paradise Parrot, Psephotus pulcherrimus

1927 — Snake River Sucker, Chasmistes muriei 

The Shortnose Sucker, Chasmistes brevirostris, pictured above, is a close relative of the Snake River Sucker.

1927 — Caucasian Wisent, Bison bonasus caucasicus

1927 — Thick-billed Ground-dove, Gallicolumba salamonis

(Source: Jon Cox)
(Source: John Cox)

1926 — Lost Megapode, Megapodius amissus

The Orange-footed Scrubfowl, Megapodius reinwardt, pictured above, is a close relative of the Lost Megapode.

1923 — Bubal hartebeest, Alcelaphus buselaphus buselaphus

bubal
(Source: Medland)

1923 — Norfolk Island Starling, Aplonis fusca

1923 — New Zealand Grayling, Prototroctes oxyrhinchus 

The White Spotted Grayling, Prototroctes oxyrhynchus, pictured above, is a close relative of the New Zealand Grayling.

1922 — Red-moustached Fruit Dove, Ptilinopus mercierii

1920 – Arcuate Pearly Mussel, Epioblasma flexuosa

1919 — Tarpan, Equus ferus ferus

(Source: By Scherer [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons)
(Source: By Scherer)

1918 — Carolina Parakeet, Conuropsis carolinensis

(Source: Cephas)
(Source: Cephas)

1918 — Lord Howe Island Flycatcher, Gerygone insularis

1917 — Rodrigues Day Gecko, Phelsuma edwardnewtoni

Source: ("Phelsuma edwardnewton")
Source: (“Phelsuma edwardnewton“)

1914 — Passenger Pigeon, Ectopistes migratorius

1914 — Laughing Owl, Sceloglaux albifacies

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